It is said that if the neighborhood is good then life passes through peace. The same is true of countries. In our neighboring country Myanmar, that is Burma, there has been turmoil due to military coup. India is worried about this. Because Myanmar is important for India in strategic, diplomatic and economic terms. Also why India wants a democratic government in Myanmar. In Myanmar, the game took place while dancing and dancing in sports. The 26-year-old dance teacher Rivamb Hanin Wai was practicing dance outside the parliament and General Min Ong Halling was dancing democracy. The current situation is that the government of President Bin Mint has been dismissed. A lawsuit has been registered against Aung San Suu Kyi, the surveyor of the democratic government for illegally keeping walkie talkie. The army is on the streets with armored vehicles and the public is raising their voice in protest.
The question arises what this coup means for India in Myanmar. Will China’s intervention now increase in Myanmar. Will separatist organizations like Naga Mizo get a chance to make a mess in India. How will India’s relationship with military rule continue? India has a 1640 km border with Myanmar. North East states like Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur. By the way, Aang San Suu Kyi’s party’s relations with the government as well as the army have been good. This is the reason why India reacted strongly to the coup in Myanmar. Not even criticized the army. Just said that India wishes to restore democracy there.
The pride area of Myanmar has been a refuge for 26 extremist organizations like Mizo, Naga, Manipuri, ULFA. The head quarters of some have been there. These organizations have been making disturbances in Northeast India. They can be controlled only with the support of Myanmar army. China has started promoting such organizations. In the form of weapons and money. In such a situation, the help of Myanmar army becomes more important for India. The border between India and Myanmar is very porous. Jungle only jungle The militants come to India from there and go back to the forests after committing the crime. India and Myanmar have agreements to prevent this. Under this, India’s army can go up to thirty kilometers inside Myanmar. India wants to maintain this system. It is not that only the Indian Army needs Myanmar’s army. India keeps giving ammunition, ammunition to the Myanmar army. 105 mm guns, gun boats, mortars, radars, India has given Myanmar rocket launcher, even a submarine. For the last ten years, there has been the dominance of General Min Ong. When he came to India in 2019, General Vipin Rawat of the Indian Army took him to visit Bodh Gaya. Last year, General Narwane visited Myanmar. There was talk of military cooperation against China’s expansionist strategy.
By the way, the coup in Myanmar has not happened for the first time. There the army has been ruling for the entire fifty years from 1961 to 2011. There was a time when there was military rule in Myanmar and at that time there was UN Secretary General U Thant, who was from Myanmar itself. Such a coincidence or misuse is rarely seen. Myanmar came into existence in 1948. From 1948 to 1961 there was democracy, followed by military rule from 2011. Elections were held for the first time in 2011 and Aang San Suu Kyi’s party NLD (National League for Democracy), imprisoned or detained for twenty years for democracy, came to power. In the case of military atrocities, the army had to give a clean chit. 25 percent of the seats in Myanmar’s parliament are reserved for the military. Defense, foreign policy and the border remain with the military. In such a situation, military rule in Myanmar is not the same as it is in Pakistan.
Now let’s talk about the trade relations between India and Myanmar. Experts say that Myanmar can act as a platform for the economic development of the northeastern states of India. It is also necessary to keep China away from Myanmar. In southern Myanmar there is a seaside town named Sittwe, where India is constructing a very big port. This port will be ready in the next few months. When this happens, states like Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland will join the Bay of Bengal. This will help in import and export business. There is a river called Kaladan in Myanmar. Like the Brahmaputra river of India. It originates from Myanmar and goes back to Myanmar via Mizoram, India. There it joins the Bay of Bengal in Sittwe. Now if the harbor is built in the city, Kaladan river will work as a waterway. The goods that will come from abroad, through the river Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland can be sent. Similarly, goods going out of these states will also reach the Sittwe port through the river, from where it can be exported.
The scheme has been named Multimodal Transit Transport Network. India is setting up SEZ ie Special Economic Zone in SITWAY. This will also benefit Myanmar significantly. India’s second advantage diplomatically will be that China’s dream of reaching the Bay of Bengal through Myanmar will remain a dream. Apart from this, India is laying gas pipeline in North East. Myanmar will also benefit. The India, Myanmar, Thailand trilateral highway is also linked to economic interests. The biggest thing is that the army understands the economic benefits very well. Discussions are held with Myanmar Army majors about business relationships and participation in business. According to a report by Amnesty International, the army there has been receiving huge revenue and income from Myanmar Economic Holding Limited. The company has dominance in the mining, tobacco, textile and banking sectors. However, the army called Amnesty’s report as fake news. But generally Myanmar army has been facing such allegations. It is obvious that the army which believes in business and has been a part of it, would like to further its business, economic relations with India.