Sangbad Pratidin: Ginger Farming Can Be Done In Sack, Will Be Equally Beneficial: Farmers are forced to turn away from agriculture due to various reasons. All those farmers should be brought back to the mainstream. Alternatively, farmers can independently start their own businesses with very little capital through bagged ginger cultivation. Not only in rural areas but in very few places in urban farming, this ginger cultivation can be easily done on house roofs, gardens, and open spaces. Through this cultivation, the willing farmers can become economically efficient. Written by Saikat Majumder, Assistant Professor, Department of Rural Development, Meghalaya University of Science and Technology.
Ginger is a very well-known crop among spices. Which helps to enhance the taste of the food. This anti-oxidant ginger plays an important role in curing various diseases like fever, cold, and cough. Ginger is a perennial herbaceous plant whose ground parts are used as a spice. West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Odisha, Karnataka, Arunachal Pradesh, and Gujarat plays a special role in ginger cultivation and provide about 65 percent of the total production. Ginger cultivation can be done both in soil and in sacks. Ginger cultivation in sacks is very profitable and can be done easily.
Suitable time to grow ginger:
Ginger cultivation can be started from the middle of February to the first week of March. Phalgun-Chaitra month is the best time to pick ginger.
Reasons for growing ginger in sacks:
- Farmers who do not have land, or are unable to cultivate ginger due to low land, can benefit by cultivating ginger in sacks at a very low cost and very easily.
- Farmer brothers can grow ginger on the house roof, balcony, home garden, or any open space.
- If you grow ginger in sacks, labor costs, soil preparation costs, irrigation costs, and ginger harvesting costs are much less.
Materials for growing ginger in sacks:
Any sack, cement sack, dung manure, cocopeat, soil, ash, chemical fertilizers, seed treatment fertilizers, furan, rice husk, wood powder, and neem husk are used.
In what quantities will any of the ingredients in the bag be:
- One sack will weigh roughly 15 kg if we want to grow ginger well.
- Approximately 7 kg of soil, 4 kg of cow dung, 1.5 kg of ash, 1 kg of cocopeat, and paddy straw should be given.
- Mix 1.5 kg of chemical fertilizers, Furadon, and sand.
- You can give 10-12 grams of both DAP and MOP.
- Mix these ingredients very well and make one sack suitable for ginger cultivation. It can produce very good ginger.
Methods of growing ginger in sacks:
- Soil preparation plays a very important role in producing good ginger. Cocopeat, rice husk, wood powder, and ash should be mixed well with the soil so that the water can drain easily. The soil does not freeze even when it rains during monsoons, which allows the ginger to grow very well underground.
- After preparing the soil, the soil should be left in the open for several days.
- The ginger that has been removed from the eyes should be bought from the market and thoroughly treated with Bavistin or Trichoderma or Mancozeb.
- Three grams of Mancojob should be mixed in every liter of water. That is what we call seed purification.
- When the ginger is cleaned, cut it with a knife from where the eyes come out and keep it in a bowl.
- After cleaning for three to four minutes, dry the ginger well.
- The soil that was prepared should now be well-filled in the bag.
- Now the sliced ginger should be very carefully placed in the bag in the soil, and should be placed in such a way that the eyes of the ginger do not break.
- Growers can plant four to five pieces of ginger per bag.
- Farmers can grow as many sacks of ginger as they want. But care should be taken not to have more than four to five ginger sprouts per bag.
- After planting the seeds or pieces of ginger very well in the sack, cover the sack well with dry plant leaves, or straw. The soil in the bag should not dry out or the soil should have juice in hot weather.
- Three to four holes should be punched at the bottom of each bag. So that even if the waterfalls somehow, the water cannot accumulate.
- The ginger plant will start sprouting exactly 20-22 days after planting the seeds.
- Care should be taken to ensure that there are no weeds in the bag at that time.
- Sacks should not be kept in places exposed to the sun. This should be looked into. If it is too hot, water should be sprayed little by little with a hand sprayer machine.
- Farmers can apply neem peel as fungicide fertilizer.
- Care should be taken not to over water, otherwise ginger may rot.
- Special care should be taken during monsoons so that rainwater does not accumulate in the ginger sacks, it is very good to arrange a canopy above where the sacks are kept.
- Too much water can cause the ginger to rot. In that case, little water should be given every 7-10 days.
- After a month four to five inches of the ginger plant will come out.
- After 9 to 10 months, when the ginger plant turns yellow, it is time to pick the ginger. And we have to arrange to pick ginger.
Diseases of ginger plants:
Especially excess water is very dangerous in ginger cultivation. Excess water can cause root rot in ginger plants. Leaves may turn yellow. Growers should spray any good quality fungicide at this time. This fungicide should be sprayed at least five times a month until the plant grows.
Ginger farming is independent and profitable business:
Our country is dependent on agriculture. But despite this, many farmers are forced to turn away from agriculture due to various reasons. Our aim is to bring those farmers back to the mainstream. Through this ginger cultivation, they can independently start their own business with very little capital. In the present era, not only rural but also urban farming has taken place to a great extent. This ginger cultivation can be easily done in very few places at home, roof, home garden, empty space. Through this cultivation, the willing farmers can become economically efficient. Agricultural Science Centre, Agricultural Department, Agricultural University, and Ginger Research Center provide proper training and all kinds of support to aspiring growers in these fields.
Ginger cultivation in sacks is very easy and profitable, if the right method is followed, the farmers can easily produce large quantities of ginger at low cost. Special attention should be paid so that water does not accumulate in the ginger plant and at the root of the plant. A very good wedding should be done to get a good yield.
Amount of income in this ginger cultivation:
As mentioned earlier ginger cultivation is very profitable which we can do successfully in a scientific way with very less capital. If the scientific method is followed, the farmers can easily earn a reliable monthly income, not only can they earn lakhs of rupees annually by selling this ginger in the wholesale market. We need to buy 10-12 kg of ginger seeds to grow approximately 200 bags of ginger. The market price of which is 2000 Tk. Chemical fertilizers and other things will require another 2000 rupees. Farmer brothers spent another 1000 rupees for soil preparation. 5000 will be spent in total. Farmers can earn more money if they sell in the wholesale market. Farmers can easily sell this ginger in the local market as well. Farmers can earn more money by selling ginger without any middleman.
About 2 kg of ginger in one bag can be produced very easily if proper methods are followed. So we can get about 400 kg of ginger from 200 sacks. The price of fresh ginger per kg is 80-90 Tk in the current market. The price of preserved ginger is around Tk 100 or a little more in the current market. So farmers can easily earn about 32-35 thousand rupees from this 400 kg ginger in a short time. Where only 5000 rupees were spent.