NASA Artemis 1 Moon Rocket Launch

NASA Artemis 1 Moon Rocket Launch: Ground teams at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Friday sent NASA’s large Next-Generation Moon rocket on its first test flight to the Moon for the second time. The preparation was completed. Five days ago, due to technical difficulties, the first attempt to send this rocket to the moon was unsuccessful. However, even today, NASA’s Artemis-1 Moon mission rocket was hit by a fuel leak before the second launch attempt.

How is the preparation tried second

According to NASA officials, the manager of this mission is still to launch the Orion Space Capsule flight on this 32-story Space Launch System-SLS rocket on  Saturday afternoon. was there for With this, NASA’s Moon to Mars Artemis program is going to start. Half a century ago, a spacecraft was sent to the moon under the Apollo Lunar Mission. This is the third human spaceflight of the United States ( Human Spaceflight )) was the program. It is also known as Project Apollo. Through this program prepared by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, preparations were made to send humans to the surface of the Moon from 1968 to 1972 and it was successful in this. Through this, for the first time, the man had stepped on the first step on the surface of the moon. Succeeded in preparing and landing the first humans. On July 21, 1969, Neil Armstrong created history by stepping on the moon.

The first attempt also failed

Artemis mission deputy manager (Mike Sarafin) said on Friday that tests conducted on Thursday night showed that technicians had repaired a line leaking fuel. For this reason, NASA’s first operation to launch it on the Moon 5 days ago on Monday was not successful. In fact, on Monday, August 29, NASA had made all preparations to release it from the Kennedy Space Center off the coast of Florida, but at the last minute, there was a failure in the temperature sensor of the rocket’s engine, some cracks in the insulation foam,  hydrogen leak and bad weather. Like there were many such reasons why it was not abandoned. Along with stopping the countdown, brakes were applied on its flight. Through this rocket, the Orion spacecraft will be sent to the Moon without a crew. This spacecraft will be there for more than a month.
Melody Lovin, the US Space Force’s launch weather officer at Cape Canaveral, said a two-hour launch window was set to launch it on the second try. Meaning it will be sent to space within two hours. He said that the forecast for this launch was already done and 70 percent of conditions were favorable for this. It was to be launched on Saturday at 2.17 pm, but then there was a problem. Earlier, Lovin had said that the weather was also looking great for the second launch attempt on Saturday. He said that he did not expect the weather to be a show-stopper in any way for the launch window. His hope turned into hopelessness. Still, he said, the chances of the launch being interrupted on any given day due to weather or whatever were about one in three.

After all, what is Artemis-1

Mission Artemis-I is a robotic and manned Moon exploration program led by the United States space agency NASA. NASA’s European Space Agency, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, and Canadian Space Agency are also involved in this mission. Mission Artemis-I is the first voyage for both the SLS rocket and the Orion capsule. It has been built by the Boeing Company (Boeing Co-BA.N) and Lockheed Martin Corp (LMT.N) under contracts with NASA. The SLS (Space Launch System-SLS) rocket has launched the Orion capsule around the Moon and it will return from this journey after 37 days. In this, Orion will serve as a search travel vehicle that will take the crew to space. He will facilitate safe exits in case of emergency. In addition, it will keep the crew safe during space travel and make it possible to return safely to the velocity of deep space. It launched on NASA’s new heavy-lift rocket, the Space Launch System.

This is a driverless flight in the space of a spacecraft. However, after this flight, space travelers will go in the mission of 2024. Right now it has been made in the same way and that is why three mannequins are being sent in it, which are completely made like humans. These mannequins have been designed like two females and one male.  If these two first Artemis missions are successful, NASA aims to resend astronauts to the lunar surface. It also includes the first woman to set foot on the lunar surface in early 2025, although many experts believe that the mission’s deadline is likely to be pushed back a few years. NASA plans to test the Orion satellite 60 miles above its surface before approaching Moon

So far a dozen humans have reached the moon

During the 6 Apollo lunar missions from 1969 to 1972, 12 astronauts returned to Earth after completing their journey to the Moon. It was the only spacecraft to set foot on the surface of the Moon. Although the Cold War era between the US and the Soviet Union halted the Apollo space race, the focus of NASA’s new lunar mission is more focused on science. In this, he is taking along the space agencies of Europe, Japan, and Canada under the international partnership. Commercial rocket enterprises such as SpaceX are an example of this.

Unlike the Apollo missions, NASA’s new flights to the Moon aim to build a long, permanent base on the lunar surface and orbit. Which will eventually make human missions to Mars come true. NASA’s first step in this direction is the Space Launch System. This is the largest Vertical Launch System (VLS) of the US space agency NASA ever since the Saturn V rocket of the Apollo era. The VLS is an advanced system for placing and firing missiles from moving naval platforms such as military ships or ships and submarines designed for sea surface operations.

If for some reason the attempt to send the Artemis-I mission to space fails again, then NASA can try again on Monday or Tuesday and this second attempt NASA has also failed. Rules were also set for how long a rocket could stay on its launch tower before another launch attempt was made. Under this, the rocket will need to be taken back to the assembly building. The assembly building is where the different parts of the rocket are assembled. As American rocket engineer Jack Parsons said, such a move can be delayed for more than a few days or a week.

Significantly, SLS and Orion have been going through the process of development for more than a decade. The delay in this for years has increased the ballooning cost. Ballooning cost refers to a large amount paid as an irregular installment to repay the loan. Compared to last year, it has reached at least $ 37 billion. On the other hand, NASA is saying that with this the Artemis program has created tens of thousands of jobs for the aerospace industry and billions of dollars in commerce.

Special aspects of the journey of a human being to Chanda Mama

On 20 February 1947, fruit flies were sent into space for the first time as living organisms. After this, from rats, and monkeys to dogs were sent into space. For the first time, a bitch named Laika got the chance to go to space, although this bitch sent to the Soviet Union died. During the NASA Apollo 11 mission, Snoopy Dog, the dog that went to the moon, was very much discussed. Later Charles M. Schultz gave this dog a place in his comedy series ‘Peanuts’.

53 years ago today, on July 20, 1969, American astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first human to step on the moon, and 61 years ago, Yuri Gagarin Yuri was the first human to go into space on April 12, 1961. NASA’s mission Artemis-1 spacecraft ‘Orion’ has left on a journey to orbit the Moon on 3 September 2022 with three mannequins designed exactly like humans instead of humans.

The special thing about this Artemis-1 mission is that the participation of women engineers in this mission is 30 percent. In these hi-tech mannequins, two effigies have been made like women and one exactly like a man. The Phantoms, a group of mannequins made by Germany’s Aerospace Center DLR, include Helga, Johr, and Moonikin Campos. Campos is male in this. Holga and Johar were created to investigate the effects of radiation on the bodies of women in space. Johar has been equipped with AstroRed, a radiation protection jacket.

In addition, under the seat of Orion in Artemis-1, dry frozen yeast that spreads in the first 3 days will be kept. After returning to the ground, its DNA will be tested. In Artemis-1, Amazon’s voice assistant Callisto will also go to send audio-video messages to the spacecraft. Along with this, the stone sent from the Dead Sea by ​​Israel’s Space Agency and the 3D replica of the Greek goddess Artemis will leave in it.

The nib of the pen from the comedy series ‘Peanuts’, the Apollo 11 mission’s memento (small stones brought from the surface of the moon), and a small piece of rocket engine will also go on this mission. Like the Apollo-14 mission, many species of trees will also be included in the journey of Artemis-1 to see the effect of radiation on trees. Significantly, NASA sent seeds to space in the Apollo 14 mission, later they were planted on Earth and named Moon Tree.

LEGO Group has been working with NASA for the past two years to make young children aware of space. Children’s favorite four LEGOs made by LEGO will also be a part of this journey of Mission Artemis-1. Not only this, but flags, pins, and patches of all the countries supporting Artemis-1 will also go with it. They will be given to these countries when the aircraft returns after 37 days. In NASA’s 2024 Artemis-2 mission, human astronauts will return to lunar orbit without ever setting foot on the moon. In the year 2025, NASA’s Artemis-3 Moon mission plans to land astronauts on the Moon’s surface.

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