A survey has revealed that women mostly engage in work for which they are not paid. About 84 per cent of women spend their working hours on activities for which they are not paid. Whereas the opposite is true in the case of men. Men spend 80 per cent of their work time on activities for which they are paid.

It is well known that gender discrimination exists in India from home to every office regarding division of labor. However, it is still difficult to decide how many inequalities are there.

To know how people spend their day’s time in various activities, countries around the world resort to the Time Use Survey. The last such survey in India was done in 1999-2000. After that from January to December 2019, the National Statistics Office (NSO) has done such a survey in India. The results of this survey, named Time Use in India-2019, were released last month.

More than 4.5 lakh people above the age of six years were included in this survey. These people were asked questions about how they spend their day.

Men spend most of their day in work related to their employment, so they spend less time in those household chores for which there is no money. However, due to employment work, men have less time left, but the problem is not just short time.

Only 6.1 per cent of men are those who take part in cooking, whether it is of one day or few minutes, but 87 per cent of men spend time in free time work. However, a large majority of women aged 15–59 spend time cooking every day. Only 8 percent of the men are involved in cleaning the house and only 3 percent of the men take part in the laundry.


Ashwini Deshpande, Professor of Economics and Feminist Labor Economist at Aaj Tak LIVE TV Ashoka University, says, “Strict patriarchal rules about division of labor work in our society, these norms exist even within the home. In many homes, if a man goes to the kitchen, it is considered strange or wrong. This is not a job that gets money in return, so men do not take part in domestic chores. ”

Due to these reasons, women have very little time left for socializing, even sleep. Women in the age group of 15-59 years are able to get 13 minutes less sleep per night on average than men, but they take naps during the day to meet their sleep needs. At working age, women get less time to socialize, eat and drink, even bathe and wear clothes.

These distinctions start from a young age. Most boys, aged 6–14, spend more of their day free time than their sisters or learn anything, whereas girls of this age spend more time in domestic work than brothers. Boys are less likely to be involved in everyday household chores like cooking, cleaning and washing clothes.



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