After the Corona crisis, the issue of expenditure on health has started anew. The Economic Survey states that India is the country in the world where people have to spend most of their income on health. This is because government investment is low. It said that 17 percent of the population spends more than 10 percent of their total income or household expenditure and four percent of the population spends more than 25 percent on health. It is the highest in the world.
Have to invest three percent
The survey said that 2.5 to 3 percent of GDP on health would have to be allocated. This will reduce the out of pocket expenses of the people. Right now 65 percent of the expenditure on health is spent by people from their own pockets, because only about one percent of GDP is spent on health. If two-three-three percent allocation is for health, then the personal expenditure of the people can be reduced to 30 percent. The report said that many countries, including China, Indonesia and the Philippines, have reduced out-of-pocket spending on health by increasing allocations.
Health structure be strong
The report said that the Corona crisis has indicated that the health structure should be strong. It is not necessary that the next pandemic is also an infectious disease, it may come in some other form. Therefore, to meet such challenges, we have to strengthen our health infrastructure.
Ranking very poor
The report quoted the studies as saying that the country’s ranking is 145 out of 180 in terms of quality and availability of health services in the country. This is not a good situation. There are few countries below us, including some African countries, Nepal, Pakistan.
Maternal and infant mortality will have to be reduced
The report says that we will have to make more efforts to reduce maternal and child deaths. Small countries like China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia have done better than India in this area.
Low hospitalization rate
According to the report, the rate of hospitalization in India is only 3-4%. While the rate is 8-9% in low income countries and 13-17% in high income countries. This indicates low availability of health services.
The number of health workers will have to increase
According to World Health Organization standards, there should be 46 health workers per ten thousand, but only 23 are available in the country. It needs to be increased. The survey said that the availability of health services to the elderly has increased from 19.9% in 2–4 to 24.7% in 2018. Similarly, the scope of institutional delivery and post-operative care has also increased.
Great help from PMJAY
The Economic Review said that the Prime Minister Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) has helped a lot. The Government of India was launched in 2018 with the objective of providing health services to the disadvantaged and weaker sections of the society. The states that adopted this health plan have shown strong positive results in those states. PMJAY is being used for general use of better health services at lower prices.
A quarter of a hundred years ago, hand washing started
The Corona crisis has once again underscored the importance of hand washing after some 170 years. It is not only effective in preventing the spread of infectious diseases but is also one of the most economical measures. This was also proved during the Corona crisis. There is a reference to the introduction of handwashing on the Economic Survey presented in Parliament. It states that the importance of washing hands for the prevention of diseases was first realized in 1846. Actually, the doctors neither wore gloves nor washed their hands. The reason for this was that there was no existence of disease spread through germ infection. That is, there was no idea of spreading the disease.