Chili Pests: Chili Pests, Prevention Methods!: Infected branches droop and dry from the tip down. This fungus infects green and fruit pods causing dark brown spots on the pods.
Chili Pests: Chili is known as red gold. Chilli cultivation can be undertaken in all types of months when organic matter is high. Soils with a Udjani index of 6 – 6.6 are ideal. Temperatures between 10 degrees to 35 degrees are ideal for achieving high yields in chili cultivation. Red soils and black soils are suitable for chili crop. Proper plant protection practices should be followed to achieve high yields in chili cultivation. A good crop yield can be obtained if some techniques are followed in this crop.
Pest control methods:
Fiber rot: It is better to wear tall cotton for cotton cultivation. Otherwise the water will stagnate and the young plants will wilt and die. To prevent this, seeds should first be treated with Thiram or Captan 3 g/kg seed. After sprouting, spray with copper oxychloride 3g/l at a period of 10 days.
Dry rot: The inner part of the stem of the few growing plants turns dark brown and the plants and leaves completely wither and fall down. To prevent this, Trichoderma viride 4g/kg is applied first in the seed treatment. The seed should be sown. Nitrogen and water should be reduced. Copper oxychloride 3 gm. /l of water should be mixed with the roots of the plants.
Nut rot: This disease is spread by the fungus Colletotrichum capsin. This fungus is spread by wind and seeds. This pest usually infects tender branches and flowers in October and November. This pest first infects the flowers and gradually spreads to the stems and branches. Brown spots are formed on the bark of branches. After these spots enlarge, fungal spores form rings in the center of the spots. Infected branches droop and dry from the tip down. This fungus infects green and fruit pods causing dark brown spots on the pods. Later the pods rot and wither.
To prevent this, the field should be plowed clean. 3 gm per kg seed. Seed should be treated with Captus / Mancojet. Seed should be collected from healthy plants. Propiconazole 2 ml. Diphen conazole ml. Mix it with 1 liter of water and spray it at the time of fruiting.
Gray rot: This disease is spread by a fungus called Levelula tarica. This pest is most likely to infect chillies between November and March. First, white gray spots appear on the lower leaves of the plants. Gradually these spots spread all over the large leaf and also extend upwards. Infected leaves turn yellow and dry up. Infestation of this pest causes the coating to fall off profusely. Flowering power in plants declines. Cold, dry weather can spread this disease. To prevent this, water soluble sulfur 3% and keratin 0.1% should be sprayed.
Bacterial leaf spot disease: This disease is spread by the bacteria Xanthomonas campestis esciatoria. Small round or shapeless water-soaked spots on the leaves are formed on the underside of the leaf. These spots range from dark brown to purple in color with black in the center of the spots. These spots are pitted and swollen in the middle. Later this swollen area becomes rough. There is a small yellowish-green ring around the spots. The spots spread all over the leaf and the leaves dry up and fall off. Sometimes the disease spreads on the leaf sheath and tender branches. Water-soaked spots also occur on green pods. To prevent this, two or three sprays of Fantomyces or Streptocyclis 200 with any copper ore fungicide 0.25% should be done.